PubMed 22721881

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv11.1 , Nav1.5

Title: Confirmation of a proarrhythmic risk underlying the clinical use of common Chinese herbal intravenous injections.

Authors: Long Chen, Tom Titch, Zhuoka Luo, Yi Xu, Xuehua Li, Feifei Huang, Lei Liu, Wei Xiao, Hao Wu, Zhongyue Wang

Journal, date & volume: J Ethnopharmacol, 2012 Aug 1 , 142, 829-35

PubMed link:

The Chinese herbal intravenous injections (CHI) which are extracted from herb(s) are used clinically in China as putative therapies for a variety of diseases.The mechanism(s) which underline findings of severe adverse drug reactions (ADR) noted in more than a thousand published articles on CHIs, are still poorly understood. With 109 CHIs currently in clinical use, we investigated the proarrhythmic effects of three specific CHIs, Shuanghuanglian (SHL), Qingkailing (QKL) and Yinzhihuang (YZH), using in vivo and in vitro ion channel models.In vivo and in vitro guinea pig electrocardiogram, intracellular action potential and patch clamp recording techniques were carried out.Both SHL and QKL (both in one, five and ten times clinically relevant doses (CRD) for in vivo and clinically relevant concentrations (CRC) for in vitro) prolonged P-R intervals in a dose or concentration-dependent manner and SHL also prolonged QTc. YZH (ten and 20 times CRD and CRC) prolonged P-R intervals without changing QTc. Intracellular action potential recordings from guinea pig papillary muscle indicated SHL and QKL abolished the firing of action potentials at ten and 30 times CRC respectively. SHL significantly suppressed L-type Ca(2+) current from left ventricular myocytes of guinea pig, hNav1.5 current and hERG current with 50% inhibiting concentrations (IC(50)) of 6.0, 3.0 and 10.7 times CRC, respectively. Also, QKL significantly suppressed L-type Ca(2+) and hNav1.5 currents with IC(50)s of 10.7 and 13.8 times CRC. YZH significantly suppressed L-type Ca(2+), hNav1.5 and hERG currents with IC(50)s of 12.1, 32.9 and 141.7 times CRC, respectively.The three CHIs studied caused bradyarrhythmia mainly by inhibiting Na(+) current and L-type Ca(2+) current.