PubMed 22745159

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Modulation of hERG potassium channel gating normalizes action potential duration prolonged by dysfunctional KCNQ1 potassium channel.

Authors: Hongkang Zhang, Beiyan Zou, Haibo Yu, Alessandra Moretti, Xiaoying Wang, Wei Yan, Joseph J Babcock, Milena Bellin, Owen B McManus, Gordon Tomaselli, Fajun Nan, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Min Li

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2012 Jul 17 , 109, 11866-71

PubMed link:

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a genetic disease characterized by a prolonged QT interval in an electrocardiogram (ECG), leading to higher risk of sudden cardiac death. Among the 12 identified genes causal to heritable LQTS, ∼90% of affected individuals harbor mutations in either KCNQ1 or human ether-a-go-go related genes (hERG), which encode two repolarizing potassium currents known as I(Ks) and I(Kr). The ability to quantitatively assess contributions of different current components is therefore important for investigating disease phenotypes and testing effectiveness of pharmacological modulation. Here we report a quantitative analysis by simulating cardiac action potentials of cultured human cardiomyocytes to match the experimental waveforms of both healthy control and LQT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) action potentials. The quantitative evaluation suggests that elevation of I(Kr) by reducing voltage sensitivity of inactivation, not via slowing of deactivation, could more effectively restore normal QT duration if I(Ks) is reduced. Using a unique specific chemical activator for I(Kr) that has a primary effect of causing a right shift of V(1/2) for inactivation, we then examined the duration changes of autonomous action potentials from differentiated human cardiomyocytes. Indeed, this activator causes dose-dependent shortening of the action potential durations and is able to normalize action potentials of cells of patients with LQT1. In contrast, an I(Kr) chemical activator of primary effects in slowing channel deactivation was not effective in modulating action potential durations. Our studies provide both the theoretical basis and experimental support for compensatory normalization of action potential duration by a pharmacological agent.