PubMed 22005680

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM8

Title: Decrease in phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate levels mediates desensitization of the cold sensor TRPM8 channels.

Authors: Yevgen Yudin, Viktor Lukacs, Chike Cao, Tibor Rohacs

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2011 Dec 15 , 589, 6007-27

PubMed link:

The activity of the cold- and menthol-activated transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) channels diminishes over time in the presence of extracellular Ca(2+), a phenomenon referred to as desensitization or adaptation. Here we show that activation of TRPM8 by cold or menthol evokes a decrease in cellular phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P(2)] levels. The decrease in PtdIns(4,5)P(2) levels was accompanied by increased inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate (InsP(3)) production, and was inhibited by loading the cells with the Ca(2+) chelator BAPTA-AM, showing that it was the consequence of the activation of phospholipase C (PLC) by increased intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. PtdIns(4,5)P(2) hydrolysis showed excellent temporal correlation with current desensitization in simultaneous patch clamp and fluorescence-based PtdIns(4,5)P(2) level measurements. Intracellular dialysis of PtdIns(4,5)P(2) inhibited desensitization both in native neuronal and recombinant TRPM8 channels. PtdIns(4)P, the precursor of PtdIns(4,5)P(2), did not inhibit desensitization, consistent with its minimal effect in excised patches. Omission of MgATP from the intracellular solution accelerated desensitization, and MgATP reactivated TRPM8 channels in excised patches in a phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase (PI4K)-dependent manner. PLC-independent depletion of PtdIns(4,5)P(2) using a voltage-sensitive phosphatase (ci-VSP) inhibited TRPM8 currents, and omission of ATP from the intracellular solution inhibited recovery from this inhibition. Inhibitors of PKC had no effect on the kinetics of desensitization. We conclude that Ca(2+) influx through TRPM8 activates a Ca(2+)-sensitive PLC isoform, and the resulting depletion of PtdIns(4,5)P(2) plays a major role in desensitization of both cold and menthol responses.