Channelpedia

PubMed 22285704


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1



Title: Neural regulation of esophageal striated muscle in the house musk shrew (Suncus murinus).

Authors: Takahiko Shiina, Takeshi Shima, Yuji Suzuki, Jürgen Wörl, Yasutake Shimizu

Journal, date & volume: Auton Neurosci, 2012 May 21 , 168, 25-31

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22285704


Abstract
In the present study, we characterized the neural regulation of esophageal striated muscle in Suncus murinus (a house musk shrew; "suncus" used as a laboratory name), which was compared with that in the rat. The tunica muscularis consists of striated muscle in the suncus esophagus. An isolated segment of the suncus esophagus was placed in an organ bath and the contractile responses were recorded using a force transducer. Electrical stimulations to vagus nerves induced contractile responses in the esophageal segment. Treatment with α-bungarotoxin, a blocker of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, blocked the vagally mediated contractions of the suncus esophagus. D-tubocurarine and succinylcholine, typical antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, also inhibited the suncus esophageal contractions, while higher concentrations of the agents were required rather than concentrations for producing an equivalent block in the rat. We used capsaicin, a stimulator of small-caliber afferent neurons, for activating the peripheral neural network. The reagent inhibited the vagally mediated twitch contractions of striated muscle in the suncus esophagus, which was reversed by pretreatment with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester. Application of a nitric oxide donor, diethylamine NONOate diethylammonium salt, mimicked capsaicin-induced inhibition. The results suggest that motility of the suncus esophagus, which consists of striated muscles, is regulated by vagal cholinergic neurons. The local neural network including capsaicin-sensitive neurons and intrinsic nitrergic neurons can modify the vagally mediated motility in the suncus esophagus. In addition, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of the suncus esophagus might be pharmacologically distinct from those of rodent esophagi.