PubMed 22583083

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Regulation of KCNQ1/KCNE1 by β-catenin.

Authors: Jan Wilmes, Roberta Haddad-Tóvolli, Ioana Alesutan, Carlos Munoz, Mentor Sopjani, Lisann Pelzl, Evgenii Bogatikov, Grazia Fedele, Caterina Faggio, Guiscard Seebohm, Michael Föller, Florian Lang

Journal, date & volume: , 2012 May 14 , ,

PubMed link:

β-catenin, a multifunctional protein expressed in all tissues including the heart stimulates the expression of several genes important for cell proliferation. Signaling involving ß-catenin participates in directing cardiac development and in the pathophysiology of cardiac hypertrophy. Nothing is known, however, on the role of β-catenin in the regulation of cardiac ion channels. The present study explored the functional interaction of β-catenin and KCNE1/KCNQ1, the K⁺ channel complex underlying the slowly activating outwardly rectifying K⁺ current. To this end, KCNE1/KCNQ1 was expressed in Xenopus oocytes with and without β-catenin and the depolarization (up to + 80 mV) induced current (I(Ks)) was determined using the two-electrode voltage clamp. As a result, β-catenin enhanced I(Ks) by 30%. The effect of β-catenin on I(Ks) was not affected by actinomycin D (10 μM), an inhibitor of transcription, indicating that β-catenin was not effective as transcription factor. Confocal microscopy revealed that β-catenin enhanced the KCNE1/KCNQ1 protein abundance in the cell membrane. Exposure of the oocytes to brefeldin A (5 μM), an inhibitor of vesicle insertion, was followed by a decline of I(Ks), which was then similar in oocytes expressing KCNE1/KCNQ1 together with β-catenin and in oocytes expressing KCNE1/KCNQ1 alone. In conclusion, β-catenin enhances I(Ks) by increasing the KCNE1/KCNQ1 protein abundance in the cell membrane, an effect requiring vesicle insertion into the cell membrane.