PubMed 22640890

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1 , TRPC3 , TRPC6 , TRPM , TRPM7 , TRPM8 , TRPV , TRPV6

Title: TRP calcium channel and breast cancer: expression, role and correlation with clinical parameters.

Authors: Halima Ouadid-Ahidouch, Isabelle Dhennin-Duthille, Mathieu Gautier, Henri Sevestre, Ahmed Ahidouch

Journal, date & volume: , 2012 May 24 , ,

PubMed link:

Breast cancer (BC) has the highest incidence rate in women in industrialized countries. Statistically, it is estimated that one out of 10 women will develop BC during her life. Evidence is accumulating for the role of ion channels in the development of cancer. Most studied ion channels in BC are K(+) channels, which are involved in cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and cell migration, and Na(+) channels, which correlate with invasiveness. Emerging studies demonstrated the role of Ca(2+) signaling in cancer cell proliferation, survival and migration. Recent findings demonstrated that the expression and/or activity of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are altered in several cancers. Among the TRP families, TRPC (canonical or classical), TRPM (melastatin) and TRPV (vanilloid) are related to malignant growth and cancer progression. Although these channels are frequently and abundantly expressed in many tumors, their specific expression, activity and roles in BC are still poorly understood. The expression of TRP channels has also been proposed as a tool for diagnosis, prognosis and/or therapeutic issues of several diseases. In cancer, TRPV6 and TRPM8 have been proposed as tumor progression markers of prostate cancer outcome and TRPC6 as a novel therapeutic target for esophageal carcinoma. Interestingly high levels of TRPC3 expression correlate with a favorable prognosis in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Our team has recently reported the expression and role of TRPC1, TRPC6, TRPM7, TRPM8 and TRPV6 in BC cell lines and primary cultures. We have also investigated TRP expression and their clinical significance in human breast adenocarcinoma and we suggest that TRP channels are new potential BC markers. Indeed TRPC1 and TRPM8 may be considered as good prognosis markers of well-differentiated tumors, TRPM7 as a proliferative marker of poorly differentiated tumors and TRPV6 as a prognosis marker of aggressive cancers. In this review, we summarize the data reported to date regarding the changes in TRP expression associated with BC. We also discuss the importance of TRP channels in BC cells proliferation and migration and their interest as new BC markers.