PubMed 22093100

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4

Title: Cryptococcus neoformans Ca(2+) homeostasis requires a chloride channel/antiporter Clc1 in JEC21, but not in H99.

Authors: Dong Li, Xiaojiao Zhang, Zhongming Li, Jiao Yang, Jiao Pan, Xudong Zhu

Journal, date & volume: FEMS Yeast Res., 2012 Feb , 12, 69-77

PubMed link:

CLC-type chloride/proton antiporters are required for copper/iron homeostasis in fungi. A relationship between CLCs and Ca(2+) homeostasis has not been found before. Here we demonstrate the requirement of the antiporter CLC1 for Ca(2+) homeostasis/signaling in Cryptococcus neoformans. The deletion of CLC1 in JEC21 resulted in a mutant hypersensitive to cyclosporine A, an inhibitor of calcineurin. Intracellular Ca(2+) deficiency in the mutant Tx1 was confirmed with Fluo-3 staining epi-fluorescence microscopy. Tx1 failed to grow at elevated temperature and in SDS and displayed defects in cell wall integrity and cell separation. This defective phenotype is because of Ca(2+) deficiency that was restorable by exogenous Ca(2+) . In contrast, H99 CLC1 was dispensable for Ca(2+) homeostasis and had no comparable defective consequences if deleted, suggesting divergent roles of CLCs in Ca(2+) homeostasis. Distinct Ca(2+) homeostasis mechanisms may contribute the virulence difference between the two strains. This work reveals a novel action of CLC antiporters in fungi and may provide information as to the evolution of pathogenicity among cryptococcal strains.