PubMed 22198168

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Defective calcium inactivation causes long QT in obese insulin-resistant rat.

Authors: Yen-Chang Lin, Jianying Huang, Hong Kan, Vincent Castranova, Jefferson C Frisbee, Han-Gang Yu

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2012 Feb , 302, H1013-22

PubMed link:

The majority of diabetic patients who are overweight or obese die of heart disease. We suspect that the obesity-induced insulin resistance may lead to abnormal cardiac electrophysiology. We tested this hypothesis by studying an obese insulin-resistant rat model, the obese Zucker rat (OZR). Compared with the age-matched control, lean Zucker rat (LZR), OZR of 16-17 wk old exhibited an increase in QTc interval, action potential duration, and cell capacitance. Furthermore, the L-type calcium current (I(CaL)) in OZR exhibited defective inactivation and lost the complete inactivation back to the closed state, leading to increased Ca(2+) influx. The current density of I(CaL) was reduced in OZR, whereas the threshold activation and the current-voltage relationship of I(CaL) were not significantly altered. L-type Ba(2+) current (I(BaL)) in OZR also exhibited defective inactivation, and steady-state inactivation was not significantly altered. However, the current-voltage relationship and activation threshold of I(BaL) in OZR exhibited a depolarized shift compared with LZR. The total and membrane protein expression levels of Cav1.2 [pore-forming subunit of L-type calcium channels (LTCC)], but not the insulin receptors, were decreased in OZR. The insulin receptor was found to be associated with the Cav1.2, which was weakened in OZR. The total protein expression of calmodulin was reduced, but that of Cavβ2 subunit was not altered in OZR. Together, these results suggested that the 16- to 17-wk-old OZR has 1) developed cardiac hypertrophy, 2) exhibited altered electrophysiology manifested by the prolonged QTc interval, 3) increased duration of action potential in isolated ventricular myocytes, 4) defective inactivation of I(CaL) and I(BaL), 5) weakened the association of LTCC with the insulin receptor, and 6) decreased protein expression of Cav1.2 and calmodulin. These results also provided mechanistic insights into a remodeled cardiac electrophysiology under the condition of insulin resistance, enhancing our understanding of long QT associated with obese type 2 diabetic patients.