PubMed 22144569

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: Migraine mutations increase stroke vulnerability by facilitating ischemic depolarizations.

Authors: Katharina Eikermann-Haerter, Jeong Hyun Lee, Izumi Yuzawa, Christina H Liu, Zhipeng Zhou, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Yi Zheng, Tao Qin, Tobias Kurth, Christian Waeber, Michel D Ferrari, Arn M J M Van Den Maagdenberg, Michael A Moskowitz, Cenk Ayata

Journal, date & volume: Circulation, 2012 Jan 17 , 125, 335-45

PubMed link:

Migraine is an independent risk factor for stroke. Mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM), a migraine subtype that also carries an increased stroke risk, is a useful model for common migraine phenotypes because of shared aura and headache features, trigger factors, and underlying glutamatergic mechanisms.Here, we show that FHM type 1 (FHM1) mutations in Ca(V)2.1 voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels render the brain more vulnerable to ischemic stroke. Compared with wild-type mice, 2 FHM1 mutant mouse strains developed earlier onset of anoxic depolarization and more frequent peri-infarct depolarizations associated with rapid expansion of infarct core on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and larger perfusion deficits on laser speckle flowmetry. Cerebral blood flow required for tissue survival was higher in the mutants, leading to infarction with milder ischemia. As a result, mutants developed larger infarcts and worse neurological outcomes after stroke, which were selectively attenuated by a glutamate receptor antagonist.We propose that enhanced susceptibility to ischemic depolarizations akin to spreading depression predisposes migraineurs to infarction during mild ischemic events, thereby increasing the stroke risk.