Channelpedia

PubMed 22180776


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2



Title: GABA regulates the multidirectional tangential migration of GABAergic interneurons in living neonatal mice.

Authors: Hiroyuki Inada, Miho Watanabe, Taku Uchida, Hitoshi Ishibashi, Hiroaki Wake, Tomomi Nemoto, Yuchio Yanagawa, Atsuo Fukuda, Junichi Nabekura

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2011 , 6, e27048

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22180776


Abstract
Cortical GABAergic interneurons originate from ganglionic eminences and tangentially migrate into the cortical plate at early developmental stages. To elucidate the characteristics of this migration of GABAergic interneurons in living animals, we established an experimental design specialized for in vivo time-lapse imaging of the neocortex of neonate mice with two-photon laser-scanning microscopy. In vesicular GABA/glycine transporter (VGAT)-Venus transgenic mice from birth (P0) through P3, we observed multidirectional tangential migration of genetically-defined GABAergic interneurons in the neocortical marginal zone. The properties of this migration, such as the motility rate (distance/hr), the direction moved, and the proportion of migrating neurons to stationary neurons, did not change through P0 to P3, although the density of GABAergic neurons at the marginal zone decreased with age. Thus, the characteristics of the tangential motility of individual GABAergic neurons remained constant in development. Pharmacological block of GABA(A) receptors and of the Na⁺-K⁺-Cl⁻ cotransporters, and chelating intracellular Ca²⁺, all significantly reduced the motility rate in vivo. The motility rate and GABA content within the cortex of neonatal VGAT-Venus transgenic mice were significantly greater than those of GAD67-GFP knock-in mice, suggesting that extracellular GABA concentration could facilitate the multidirectional tangential migration. Indeed, diazepam applied to GAD67-GFP mice increased the motility rate substantially. In an in vitro neocortical slice preparation, we confirmed that GABA induced a NKCC sensitive depolarization of GABAergic interneurons in VGAT-Venus mice at P0-P3. Thus, activation of GABA(A)R by ambient GABA depolarizes GABAergic interneurons, leading to an acceleration of their multidirectional motility in vivo.