PubMed 22095950

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1

Title: Inhibition of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 2 protects against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Authors: Sang Wong Park, Mihwa Kim, Kevin M Brown, Vivette D D'Agati, H Thomas Lee

Journal, date & volume: J. Am. Soc. Nephrol., 2012 Feb , 23, 266-80

PubMed link:

Activation of the sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P(1)R) protects against renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury and inflammation, but the role of other members of this receptor family in modulating renal IR injury is unknown. We found that a selective S1P(2)R antagonist protected against renal IR injury in a dose-dependent manner. Consistent with this observation, both S1P(2)R-deficient mice and wild-type mice treated with S1P(2)R small interfering RNA had reduced renal injury after IR. In contrast, a selective S1P(2)R agonist exacerbated renal IR injury. The S1P(2)R antagonist increased sphingosine kinase-1 (SK1) expression via Rho kinase signaling in renal proximal tubules; the S1P(2)R agonist decreased SK1. S1P(2)R antagonism failed to protect the kidneys of SK1-deficient mice or wild-type mice pretreated with an SK1 inhibitor or an S1P(1)R antagonist, suggesting that the renoprotection conferred by S1P(2)R antagonism results from pathways involving activation of S1P(1)R by SK1. In cultured human proximal tubule (HK-2) cells, the S1P(2)R antagonist selectively upregulated SK1 and attenuated both H(2)O(2)-induced necrosis and TNF-α/cycloheximide-induced apoptosis; the S1P(2)R agonist had the opposite effects. In addition, increased nuclear hypoxia inducible factor-1α was critical in mediating the renoprotective effects of S1P(2)R inhibition. Finally, induction of SK1 and S1P(2)R in response to renal IR and S1P(2)R antagonism occurred selectively in renal proximal tubule cells but not in renal endothelial cells. Taken together, these data suggest that S1P(2)R may be a therapeutic target to attenuate the effects of renal IR injury.