Channelpedia

PubMed 21354272


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , Cav3.3



Title: Chelating luminal zinc mimics hydrogen sulfide-evoked colonic pain in mice: possible involvement of T-type calcium channels.

Authors: M Matsunami, S Kirishi, T Okui, A Kawabata

Journal, date & volume: Neuroscience, 2011 May 5 , 181, 257-64

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21354272


Abstract
Luminal hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) causes colonic pain and referred hyperalgesia in mice through activation of T-type Ca(2+) channels. To test a hypothesis that H(2)S might chelate and remove endogenous Zn(2+) that inhibits the Ca(v)3.2 isoform of T-type Ca(2+) channels, facilitating visceral nociception, we asked if intracolonic (i.col.) administration of Zn(2+) chelators mimics H(2)S-induced visceral nociception. Visceral nociceptive behavior and referred abdominal allodynia/hyperalgesia were determined after i.col. administration of NaHS, a donor for H(2)S, or Zn(2+) chelators in mice. Phospholylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) in the spinal cord was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The visceral nociceptive behavior and referred abdominal allodynia/hyperalgesia caused by i.col. NaHS in mice were abolished by i.col. preadministration of zinc chloride (ZnCl(2)), known to selectively inhibit Ca(v)3.2, but not Ca(v)3.1 or Ca(v)3.3, isoforms of T-type Ca(2+) channels, and by i.p. preadministration of mibefradil, a pan-T-type Ca(2+) channel blocker. Two distinct Zn(2+) chelators, N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ehylenediamine (TPEN) and dipicolinic acid, when administered i.col., mimicked the NaHS-evoked visceral nociceptive behavior and referred abdominal allodynia/hyperalgesia, which were inhibited by mibefradil and by NNC 55-0396, another T-type Ca(2+) channel blocker. Like i.col. NaHS, i.col. TPEN caused prompt phosphorylation of ERK in the spinal dorsal horn, an effect blocked by mibefradil. Removal of luminal Zn(2+) by H(2)S and other Zn(2+) chelators thus produces colonic pain through activation of T-type Ca(2+) channels, most probably of the Ca(v)3.2 isoform. Hence, endogenous Zn(2+) is considered to play a critical role in modulating visceral pain.