PubMed 15329398

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.2

Title: Tonotopic gradients of membrane and synaptic properties for neurons of the chicken nucleus magnocellularis.

Authors: Iwao Fukui, Harunori Ohmori

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2004 Aug 25 , 24, 7514-23

PubMed link:

Nucleus magnocellularis (NM) is a division of the avian cochlear nucleus that extracts the timing of auditory signals. We compared the membrane excitability and synaptic transmission along the tonotopic axis of NM. Neurons expressed a Kv1.1 potassium channel mRNA and protein predominantly in the high characteristic frequency (CF) region of NM. In contrast, the expression of Kv1.2 mRNA did not change tonotopically. Neurons also showed tonotopic gradients in resting potential, spike threshold, amplitude, and membrane rectification. All neurons were sensitive to 100 nm dendrotoxin, but the effects were most significant in the high CF neurons. The EPSC recorded by minimal stimulation of auditory nerve fibers (ANFs) was 13 times larger in high CF neurons than in low CF neurons. Moreover, EPSCs were generated in an all-or-none manner in the high CF neurons when stimulus intensity was increased, whereas EPSCs were graded in the low CF neurons, indicating multiple axonal inputs. ANF synaptic terminals were visualized by DiI. ANF formed enfolding end-bulbs of Held around the cell body in the high and middle CF region but not in the low CF region. These observations indicate coordinated gradients of neuronal properties both presynaptically and postsynaptically along the tonotopic axis. Such specializations may be suitable for extracting and preserving the timing information of auditory signals over a wide range of acoustic frequencies.