PubMed 21998137

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: KV2.1 and electrically silent KV channel subunits control excitability and contractility of guinea pig detrusor smooth muscle.

Authors: Kiril L Hristov, Muyan Chen, Rupal P Soder, Shankar P Parajuli, Qiuping Cheng, Whitney F Kellett, Georgi V Petkov

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2012 Jan , 302, C360-72

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated K(+) (K(V)) channels are implicated in detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) function. However, little is known about the functional role of the heterotetrameric K(V) channels in DSM. In this report, we provide molecular, electrophysiological, and functional evidence for the presence of K(V)2.1 and electrically silent K(V) channel subunits in guinea pig DSM. Stromatoxin-1 (ScTx1), a selective inhibitor of the homotetrameric K(V)2.1, K(V)2.2, and K(V)4.2 as well as the heterotetrameric K(V)2.1/6.3 and K(V)2.1/9.3 channels, was used to examine the role of these K(V) channels in DSM function. RT-PCR indicated mRNA expression of K(V)2.1, K(V)6.2-6.3, K(V)8.2, and K(V)9.1-9.3 subunits in isolated DSM cells. K(V)2.1 protein expression was confirmed by Western blot and immunocytochemistry. Perforated whole cell patch-clamp experiments revealed that ScTx1 (100 nM) inhibited the amplitude of the K(V) current in freshly isolated DSM cells. ScTx1 (100 nM) did not significantly change the steady-state activation and inactivation curves for K(V) current. However, ScTx1 (100 nM) decreased the activation time-constant of the K(V) current at positive voltages. Although our patch-clamp data could not exclude the presence of the homotetrameric K(V)2.1 channels, the biophysical characteristics of the ScTx1-sensitive current were consistent with the presence of heterotetrameric K(V)2.1/silent K(V) channels. Current-clamp recordings showed that ScTx1 (100 nM) did not change the DSM cell resting membrane potential. ScTx1 (100 nM) increased the spontaneous phasic contraction amplitude, muscle force, and muscle tone as well as the amplitude of the electrical field stimulation-induced contractions of isolated DSM strips. Collectively, our data revealed that K(V)2.1-containing channels are important physiological regulators of guinea pig DSM excitability and contractility.