PubMed 22077416

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , Kir6.2

Title: Hydroxylated analogues of ATP-sensitive potassium channel openers belonging to the group of 6- and/or 7-substituted 3-isopropylamino-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides: toward an improvement in sulfonylurea receptor 1 selectivity and metabolism stabil

Authors: Pascal de Tullio, Anne-Catherine Servais, Marianne Fillet, Florian Gillotin, Fabian Somers, Patrice Chiap, Philippe Lebrun, Bernard Pirotte

Journal, date & volume: J. Med. Chem., 2011 Dec 22 , 54, 8353-61

PubMed link:

Diversely substituted 3-isopropylamino-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides are known to be potent KATP channel openers, with several drugs being selective for the SUR1/Kir6.2 channel subtype. This work examined the biological activity, tissue selectivity, and in vitro metabolic stability of hydroxylated analogues of 3-isopropylaminobenzothiadiazine dioxides. Because of the presence of a chiral center, the R and S isomers were prepared separately and characterized. R isomers were systematically found to be more potent and more selective than S isomers on pancreatic tissue (compared to vascular smooth muscle tissue), leading to compounds with an improved sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) selectivity. An in vitro metabolic study revealed that 7-chloro-3-isopropylamino-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide (1a) was rapidly biotransformed and led in part to a mixture of the corresponding (R)- and (S)-3-(1-hydroxy-2-propyl)amino-substituted derivatives. Radioisotopic experiments characterized one of the most potent and SUR1-selective enantiomers, (R)-7-chloro-3-(1-hydroxy-2-propyl)amino-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide 13a, as being a KATP channel opener. Moreover, 13a exhibited an enhanced metabolic stability. Such a compound can be considered as a new lead candidate displaying improved physicochemical (hydrosolubility) and pharmacological (tissue selectivity) properties as well as improved metabolic stability compared to its nonhydroxylated counterpart, 1a.