Channelpedia

PubMed 22158511


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1



Title: Neuregulin 1 regulates excitability of fast-spiking neurons through Kv1.1 and acts in epilepsy.

Authors: Ke-Xin Li, Ying-Mei Lu, Zheng-Hao Xu, Jing Zhang, Jun-Ming Zhu, Jian-Ming Zhang, Shu-Xia Cao, Xiao-Juan Chen, Zhong Chen, Jian-Hong Luo, Shumin Duan, Xiao-Ming Li

Journal, date & volume: Nat. Neurosci., 2012 Feb , 15, 267-73

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22158511


Abstract
Dysfunction of fast-spiking, parvalbumin-positive (FS-PV) interneurons is implicated in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. ErbB4, a key Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) receptor, is mainly expressed in this type of interneurons, and recent studies suggest that parvalbumin interneurons are a major target of NRG1-ErbB4 signaling in adult brain. Thus, we hypothesized that downregulation of NRG1-ErbB4 signaling in FS-PV interneurons is involved in epilepsy. We found that NRG1, through its receptor ErbB4, increased the intrinsic excitability of FS-PV interneurons. This effect was mediated by increasing the near-threshold responsiveness and decreasing the voltage threshold for action potentials through Kv1.1, a voltage-gated potassium channel. Furthermore, mice with specific deletion of ErbB4 in parvalbumin interneurons were more susceptible to pentylenetetrazole- and pilocarpine-induced models of epilepsy. Exogenous NRG1 delayed the onset of seizures and decreased their incidence and stage. Moreover, expression of ErbB4, but not ErbB2, was downregulated in human epileptogenic tissue. Together, our findings suggest that NRG1-ErbB4 signaling contributes to human epilepsy through regulating the excitability of FS-PV interneurons. ErbB4 may be a new target for anticonvulsant drugs in epilepsy.