Channelpedia

PubMed 22388005


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1 , TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPC , TRPM , TRPML , TRPP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: Structural remodeling of the N-terminus tunes TRPA1 channel activation and regulates behavioral responses in Drosophila.

Authors: Andrew P Braun

Journal, date & volume: , 2012 Jan 1 , 6,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22388005


Abstract
Our bodies are constantly bombarded by a diversity of environmental stimuli, such as touch, taste, sound, smell, light, etc. To detect and process this broad array of signals, nature has evolved a variety of cellular sensory mechanisms and pathways that interface with the environment and transmit neural signals back to the CNS where they are translated into behavioral decisions. Transient Response Potential (TRP) cation channels were first identified in invertebrates (i.e., Drosophila) and represent a sizeable receptor/channel family in mammals, consisting of 28 individual members grouped into subclasses denoted TRPC, TRPV, TRPM, TRPML, TRPP and TRPA (for a recent review, see ref. 1). Although originally described as ion channels, we now know that many members of the TRP family also function as receptors for a range of stimuli, including temperature, pH, chemical compounds and membrane voltage. In fact, several TRP isoforms display multimodal sensitivity, meaning that they can respond to more than one stimulus. For example, TRPV1, or the capcaisin receptor, displays both thermal and chemical sensitivity, and the two stimuli may act synergistically to increase channel activity. Physiologically, TRP family members are expressed in a variety of sensory afferent nerves that feed environmental information to the CNS, and also in smaller C-type afferent fibers responsible for peripheral pain sensation and transmission. Therapeutically, manipulation of TRP channel activity may represent an effective strategy to treat peripheral pain associated with inflammation and chronic tissue injury.