Channelpedia

PubMed 22427515


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , KChip2a , Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3 , Nav1.6



Title: CREB critically regulates action potential shape and duration in the adult mouse ventricle.

Authors: Jan Sebastian Schulte, Matthias D Seidl, Frank Nunes, Chistiane Freese, Michael D Schneider, Wilhelm Schmitz, Frank U Müller

Journal, date & volume: , 2012 Mar 16 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22427515


Abstract
The cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) belongs to the CREB/cAMP response element binding modulator/activating transcription factor 1 family of cAMP-dependent transcription factors mediating a regulation of gene transcription in response to cAMP. Chronic stimulation of β-adrenergic receptors and the cAMP-dependent signal transduction pathway by elevated plasma catecholamines play a central role in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Ion channel remodeling, particularly a decreased transient outward current (I(to)), and subsequent action potential (AP) prolongation are hallmarks of the failing heart. Here, we studied the role of CREB for ion channel regulation in mice with a cardiomyocyte-specific knockout of CREB (CREB KO). APs of CREB KO cardiomyocytes were prolonged with increased AP duration at 50 and 70% repolarization and accompanied by a by 51% reduction of I(to) peak amplitude as detected in voltage-clamp measurements. We observed a 29% reduction of Kcnd2/Kv4.2 mRNA in CREB KO cardiomyocytes mice while the other I(to)-related channel subunits Kv4.3 and KChIP2 were not different between groups. Accordingly, Kv4.2 protein was reduced by 37% in CREB KO. However, we were not able to detect a direct regulation of Kv4.2 by CREB. The I(to)-dependent AP prolongation went along with an increase of I(Na) and a decrease of I(Ca,L) associated with an upregulation of Scn8a/Nav1.6 and downregulation of Cacna1c/Cav1.2 mRNA in CREB KO cardiomyocytes. Our results from mice with cardiomyocyte-specific inactivation of CREB definitively indicate that CREB critically regulates the AP shape and duration in the mouse ventricle, which might have an impact on ion channel remodeling in situations of altered cAMP-dependent signaling like heart failure.