Channelpedia

PubMed 21734101


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1 , TRP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: GABA(B)-mediated inhibition of multiple modes of glutamate release in the nucleus of the solitary tract.

Authors: Jessica A Fawley, James H Peters, Michael C Andresen

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurophysiol., 2011 Oct , 106, 1833-40

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21734101


Abstract
In the caudal portions of the solitary tract (ST) nucleus, primary sensory afferents fall into two broad classes based on the expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors. Both afferent classes (TRPV1+/-) have indistinguishable glutamate release mechanisms for ST-evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs). However, TRPV1+ terminals release additional glutamate from a unique, TRPV1-operated vesicle pool that is temperature sensitive and facilitated by ST activity to generate asynchronous EPSCs. This study tested whether presynaptic γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(B) receptors inhibit both the evoked and TRPV1-operated release mechanisms on second-order ST nucleus neurons. In horizontal slices, shocks activated single ST axons and evoked the time-invariant (latency jitter <200 μs), glutamatergic EPSCs, which identified second-order neurons. Gabazine eliminated GABA(A) responses in all recordings. The GABA(B) agonist baclofen inhibited the amplitude of ST-EPSCs from both TRPV1+ and TRPV1- afferents with a similar EC(50) (∼1.2 μM). In TTX, GABA(B) activation decreased miniature EPSC (mEPSC) rates but not amplitudes, suggesting presynaptic actions downstream from terminal excitability. With calcium entry through voltage-activated calcium channels blocked by cadmium, baclofen reduced mEPSC frequency, indicating that GABA(B) reduced vesicle release by TRPV1-dependent calcium entry. GABA(B) activation also reduced temperature-evoked increases in mEPSC frequency, which relies on TRPV1. Our studies indicate that GABA(B) G protein-coupled receptors are uniformly distributed across all ST primary afferent terminals and act at multiple stages of the excitation-release cascades to suppress both action potential-triggered and TRPV1-coupled glutamate transmission pathways. Moreover, the segregated release cascades within TRPV1+ ST primary afferents represent independent, potential targets for differential modulation.