Channelpedia

PubMed 21884702


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2



Title: Syntaxin-1A inhibits KATP channels by interacting with specific conserved motifs within sulfonylurea receptor 2A.

Authors: Christin Chao, Tao Liang, Youhou Kang, Xianguang Lin, Huanli Xie, Zhong-Ping Feng, Herbert Y Gaisano

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2011 Nov , 51, 790-802

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21884702


Abstract
We previously demonstrated that syntaxin (Syn)-1A is present in the sarcolemma of rat cardiomyocytes and binds sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) 2A nucleotide binding folds (NBFs) to inhibit ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel. Here, we examined for the precise domains within the NBFs of SUR2A that may interact with Syn-1A. Specifically, we tested truncated NBF protein segments encompassing the conserved motifs Walker A (W(A)), signature/Linker (L), and Walker B (W(B)). In vitro binding results indicate that the domains encompassing W(A) and L of NBF-1 and all three conserved motifs of NBF-2 bound Syn-1A. Electrophysiological studies, employing inside-out patch-clamp recordings from SUR2A/Kir6.2 expressing HEK cells and mouse cardiomyocytes, show that W(B) and L of NBF-1 and all three NBF-2 truncated protein segments reduced Syn-1A inhibition of SUR2A/K(ATP) channels. Remarkably, these same NBF-1 and -2 truncated proteins could independently disrupt the intimate FRET interactions of full length SUR2A (-mCherry) and Syn-1A (-EGFP). These results taken together indicate that Syn-1A possibly maintains inhibition of cardiac ventricular K(ATP) channels by binding to large regions of NBF-1 and NBF-2 to stabilize the NBF-1-NBF-2 heterodimer formation and prevent ATP-binding and ATP hydrolysis. Since K(ATP) channels are closely coupled to metabolic states, we postulate that these very intimate Syn-1A-SUR2A interactions are critically important for myocardial protection during stress, in which profound changes in metabolic factors (pH, ATP) could modulate these Syn-1A-SUR2A interactions.