Channelpedia

PubMed 22020219


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2



Title: Mechanism of KATP hyperactivity and sulfonylurea tolerance due to a diabetogenic mutation in L0 helix of sulfonylurea receptor 1 (ABCC8).

Authors: Andrey P Babenko, Martine Vaxillaire

Journal, date & volume: FEBS Lett., 2011 Nov 16 , 585, 3555-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22020219


Abstract
Activating mutations in different domains of the ABCC8 gene-coded sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) cause neonatal diabetes. Here we show that a diabetogenic mutation in an unexplored helix preceding the ABC core of SUR1 dramatically increases open probability of (SUR1/Kir6.2)(4) channel (KATP) by reciprocally changing rates of its transitions to and from the long-lived, inhibitory ligand-stabilized closed state. This kinetic mechanism attenuates ATP and sulfonylurea inhibition, but not Mg-nucleotide stimulation, of SUR1/Kir6.2. The results suggest a key role for L0 helix in KATP gating and together with previous findings from mutant KATP clarify why many patients with neonatal diabetes require high doses of sulfonylureas.