Channelpedia

PubMed 22159130


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.6



Title: Rapid disruption of axon-glial integrity in response to mild cerebral hypoperfusion.

Authors: Michell M Reimer, Jamie McQueen, Luke Searcy, Gillian Scullion, Barbara Zonta, Anne Desmazieres, Philip R Holland, Jessica Smith, Catherine Gliddon, Emma R Wood, Pawel Herzyk, Peter J Brophy, James McCulloch, Karen Horsburgh

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2011 Dec 7 , 31, 18185-94

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22159130


Abstract
Myelinated axons have a distinct protein architecture essential for action potential propagation, neuronal communication, and maintaining cognitive function. Damage to myelinated axons, associated with cerebral hypoperfusion, contributes to age-related cognitive decline. We sought to determine early alterations in the protein architecture of myelinated axons and potential mechanisms after hypoperfusion. Using a mouse model of hypoperfusion, we assessed changes in proteins critical to the maintenance of paranodes, nodes of Ranvier, axon-glial integrity, axons, and myelin by confocal laser scanning microscopy. As early as 3 d after hypoperfusion, the paranodal septate-like junctions were damaged. This was marked by a progressive reduction of paranodal Neurofascin signal and a loss of septate-like junctions. Concurrent with paranodal disruption, there was a significant increase in nodal length, identified by Nav1.6 staining, with hypoperfusion. Disruption of axon-glial integrity was also determined after hypoperfusion by changes in the spatial distribution of myelin-associated glycoprotein staining. These nodal/paranodal changes were more pronounced after 1 month of hypoperfusion. In contrast, the nodal anchoring proteins AnkyrinG and Neurofascin 186 were unchanged and there were no overt changes in axonal and myelin integrity with hypoperfusion. A microarray analysis of white matter samples indicated that there were significant alterations in 129 genes. Subsequent analysis indicated alterations in biological pathways, including inflammatory responses, cytokine-cytokine receptor interactions, blood vessel development, and cell proliferation processes. Our results demonstrate that hypoperfusion leads to a rapid disruption of key proteins critical to the stability of the axon-glial connection that is mediated by a diversity of molecular events.