PubMed 20617112

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClIC4 , Slo1

Title: CLIC4 and Schnurri-2: a dynamic duo in TGF-beta signaling with broader implications in cellular homeostasis and disease.

Authors: Anjali Shukla, Stuart H Yuspa

Journal, date & volume: Nucleus, 2010 Mar-Apr , 1, 144-9

PubMed link:

CLIC4 is a highly conserved, multifunctional member of the chloride intracellular channel family of proteins. The protein is largely cytoplasmic but translocates to the nucleus upon a variety of stimuli including TGF-beta, TNF-alpha and etoposide. Nuclear resident CLIC4 causes growth arrest, terminal differentiation and apoptosis. Recently, it was discovered that TGF-beta causes CLIC4 to associate with Schnurri-2 and together they translocate to the nucleus and dissociate thereafter. The nuclear function of CLIC4 was further illuminated by the discovery that CLIC4 enhances TGF-beta signaling by associating with phospho-Smad2 and 3 and preventing their dephosphorylation. Enhanced TGF-beta dependent gene expression and growth inhibition are downstream consequences of this activity of CLIC4. In this article, we speculate on other consequences of the CLIC4 relation to TGF-beta signaling and the potential for CLIC4 to participate in other cellular functions related to normal homeostasis and disease.