PubMed 22211113

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Matrine Inhibits Pacing Induced Atrial Fibrillation by Modulating I(KM3) and I(Ca-L).

Authors: Yuhong Zhou, Wei Xu, Ruyi Han, Jiaying Zhou, Zhenwei Pan, Huo Rong, Junnan Li, Changqing Xu, Guofen Qiao, Yanjie Lu

Journal, date & volume: Int. J. Biol. Sci., 2012 , 8, 150-8

PubMed link:

To elucidate the protective effects of Matrine on atrial fibrillation (AF) induced by electric pacing in mice and underlying molecular and ion channel mechanisms.AF was introduced by electric pacing in mice and the incidence and duration of AF were evaluated. Functional expression of M(3) receptor (M(3)-R) and Cav1.2 were explored by western and Real-time PCR, action potential (AP) and the density of (I(KM3)) L-type calcium channel (I(Ca-L)) were both recorded using whole-cell patch in isolated atrial cardiomyocytes.In control group, incidence and duration of AF induced by electric pacing were 50 ± 17% and 3.68 ± 1.84 s, respectively; after application of carbachol 50 µg/kg both incidence and duration of AF were significantly increased to 86 ± 24% and 65.2 ± 29.0 s. Compared with control group, pretreatment of Matrine for 15 days significantly reduced AF incidence and duration in dose-dependent manner. Atrial membrane-protein expression of M(3)-R was decreased and membrane Cav1.2 expression was up-regulated. In single Matrine-treated atrial cardiomyocyte the density of I(KM3) was significantly decreased by 39% as well compared with control group, P < 0.05, whereas, I(Ca-L) density of atrium was increased by 40%.These data demonstrated at the first time that the anti-AF effects of Matrine may due, at least in part, to down-regulation of I(KM3) density and M(3)-R expression and up-regulation of I(Ca-L )density and α1C/Cav1.2 expression.