PubMed 21493700

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC3

Title: TRPC3 channel contributes to nitric oxide release: significance during normoxia and hypoxia-reoxygenation.

Authors: Jun-Hao Huang, Guo-Wei He, Hong-Mei Xue, Xiao-Qiang Yao, Xiao-Cheng Liu, Malcolm John Underwood, Qin Yang

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2011 Aug 1 , 91, 472-82

PubMed link:

Intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) regulation in endothelial cells depends on transient receptor potential channels (TRPs), and the role of canonical TRPs (TRPCs) during hypoxia-reoxygenation (H-R) is unclear. We hypothesized that TRPC3 contributes to endothelial nitric oxide (NO) release and that H-R may reduce TRPC3 activity and the associated endothelial function, including NO release.Measurements of [Ca(2+)](i) and patch-clamp study in primary cultured porcine coronary endothelial cells, measurements of NO and endothelium-dependent relaxation in porcine coronary arteries, and RT-PCR and western blot were conducted. Pre-treatment with SKF96365 (an inhibitor of TRPCs) or the selective TRPC3 inhibitor Pyr3 significantly decreased bradykinin-induced vasorelaxation. One hour of hypoxia followed by reoxygenation significantly reduced the vasorelaxation (70.3 ± 6.4 vs. 88.9 ± 3.5%) and NO concentration (24.0 ± 1.3 vs. 45.2 ± 2.8 nmol/L), and they were restored by pre-incubation with the TRPC3/6/7 activator 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (96.4 ± 1.8% and 41.1 ± 4.7 nmol/L, respectively). In porcine coronary endothelial cells, H-R inhibited bradykinin-activated membrane current (8.6 ± 0.4 vs. 14.0 ± 1.5 pA/pF) and Pyr3-sensitive TRPC3 current (3.8 ± 0.3 vs. 6.3 ± 0.6 pA/pF; P< 0.01). H-R also inhibited bradykinin-induced Ca(2+) influx and the Ca(2+) influx via TRPC3. Cell surface expression of TRPC3 was decreased after H-R.We have, for the first time, demonstrated that Ca(2+) entry via endothelial TRPC3 contributes to NO release and have revealed that H-R is associated with inhibition of TRPC3 activity. Inhibition of channel trafficking to the cell surface is involved in the underlying mechanism of the decrease of TRPC3 current and the reduction in Ca(2+) entry through TRPC3 during H-R. This study suggests that TRPC3 may have the potential to be a new target for endothelial protection during H-R.