PubMed 21622683

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , Slo1

Title: Role of T-type calcium channel subunits in post-myocardial infarction remodelling probed with genetically engineered mice.

Authors: Khaï Le Quang, Patrice Naud, Xiao-Yan Qi, Francine Duval, Yan-Fen Shi, Marc-Antoine Gillis, Philippe Comtois, Jean-Claude Tardif, Danshi Li, Paul C Levesque, Dobromir Dobrev, Flavien Charpentier, Stanley Nattel

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2011 Aug 1 , 91, 420-8

PubMed link:

Previous studies suggested that T-type Ca(2+)-current (I(CaT))-blockers improve cardiac remodelling, but all available I(CaT)-blockers have non-specific actions on other currents and/or functions. To clarify the role of I(CaT) in cardiac remodelling, we studied mice with either of the principal cardiac I(CaT)-subunits (Cav3.1 or Cav3.2) knocked out.Adult male Cav3.1- or Cav3.2-knockout (Cav3.1(-/-), Cav3.2(-/-)) mice and respective wild-type (WT) littermate controls were subjected to left anterior descending coronary artery ligation to create myocardial infarction (MI). Echocardiography and programmed electrical stimulation were performed at baseline and 4 weeks post-MI. At baseline, Cav3.1(-/-) mice had slowed heart rates and longer PR intervals vs. WT, but no other electrophysiological and no haemodynamic differences. Cav3.2(-/-) showed no differences vs. WT. Contractile indices (left ventricular fractional shortening and ejection fraction) decreased more post-MI in Cav3.1(-/-) mice than in Cav3.1(+/+) (e.g. by 34 and 29% for WT; 50 and 45% for Cav3.1(-/-), respectively; P < 0.05 for each). Cav3.1(-/-) mice had increased ventricular tachycardia (VT) inducibility post-MI (9 of 11, 82%) vs. WT (3 of 10, 30%; P < 0.05). Cav3.2(-/-) mice were not different in cardiac function or VT inducibility vs. WT. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that Cav3.1 is the major I(CaT)-subunit and that no compensatory Cav3.2 up-regulation occurs in Cav3.1(-/-) mice. Cav3.1(-/-) and Cav3.2(-/-) mice had no mRNA expression for the knocked-out gene, at baseline or post-MI.Our findings suggest that, contrary to suggestions from previous studies with (imperfectly selective) pharmacological agents having T-type Ca(2+)-channel-blocking actions, elimination of Cav3.1 expression leads to impaired cardiac function and enhanced arrhythmia vulnerability post-MI, whereas Cav3.2 elimination has no effect.