PubMed 12939542

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2

Title: [Molecular and functional diversity of ATP-sensitive K+ channels: the pathophysiological roles and potential drug targets]

Authors: Haruaki Nakaya, Takashi Miki, Susumu Seino, Katsuya Yamada, Nobuya Inagaki, Masashi Suzuki, Toshiaki Sato, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Kenji Matsushita, Yoshihisa Kurachi, Makoto Arita

Journal, date & volume: Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi, 2003 Sep , 122, 243-50

PubMed link:

ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels comprise the pore-forming subunit (Kir6.1 or Kir6.2) and the regulatory subunit sulfonylurea receptors (SUR1 or SUR2). K(ATP) channels with different combinations of these subunits are present in various tissues and regulate cellular functions. From the analysis of mouse models with targeted deletion of the gene encoding the pore-forming subunit Kir6.1 or Kir6.2, functional roles of K(ATP) channels in various organs have been clarified. Kir6.1(-/-) mice showed sudden death associated with ST elevation and atrioventricular block in ECG, a phenotype resembling Prinzmetal angina in humans. Kir6.2(-/-) mice were more susceptible to generalized seizure during hypoxia than wild-type (WT) mice, suggesting that neuronal K(ATP) channels, probably composed of Kir6.2 and SUR1, play a crucial role for the protection of the brain against lethal damage due to seizure. In Kir6.2(-/-) mice lacking the sarcolemmal K(ATP) channel activity in cardiac cells, ischemic preconditioning failed to reduce the infarct size, suggesting that sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels play an important role in cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injuries in the heart. Mitochondrial K(ATP) channels have been also proposed to play a crucial role in cardioprotection, although the molecular identity of the channel has not been established. Nicorandil and minoxidil, K(+) channel openers activating mitochondrial K(ATP) channels, decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential, thereby preventing the Ca(2+) overload in the mitochondria of guinea-pig ventricular cells. SURs are the receptors for K(+) channel openers and the activating effects on sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels in cardiovascular tissues could be modulated by the interaction of nucleotides. Due to the molecular diversity of the accessory and pore subunits of K(ATP) channels, there would be considerable differences in the tissue selectivity of K(ATP) channel-acting drugs. Studies of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 knockout mice indicate that K(ATP) channels are involved in the mechanisms of the protection against metabolic stress. Further clarification of physiological as well as pathophysiological roles of K(ATP) channels may lead to a new therapeutic strategy to improve the quality of life.