Channelpedia

PubMed 21868633


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1 , Slo1



Title: Characteristics of Kcnn4 channels in the apical membranes of an intestinal epithelial cell line.

Authors: Kanthesh M Basalingappa, Vazhaikkurichi M Rajendran, William F Wonderlin

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol., 2011 Nov , 301, G905-11

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21868633


Abstract
Intermediate-conductance K(+) (Kcnn4) channels in the apical and basolateral membranes of epithelial cells play important roles in agonist-induced fluid secretion in intestine and colon. Basolateral Kcnn4 channels have been well characterized in situ using patch-clamp methods, but the investigation of Kcnn4 channels in apical membranes in situ has been hampered by a layer of mucus that prevents seal formation. In the present study, we used patch-clamp methods to characterize Kcnn4 channels in the apical membrane of IEC-18 cells, a cell line derived from rat small intestine. A monolayer of IEC-18 cells grown on a permeable support is devoid of mucus, and tight junctions enable selective access to the apical membrane. In inside-out patches, Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels observed with iberiotoxin (a Kcnma1/large-conductance, Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel blocker) and apamin (a Kcnn1-3/small-conductance, Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel blocker) present in the pipette solution exhibited a single-channel conductance of 31 pS with inward rectification. The currents were reversibly blocked by TRAM-34 (a Kcnn4 blocker) with an IC(50) of 8.7 ± 2.0 μM. The channels were not observed when charybdotoxin, a peptide inhibitor of Kcnn4 channels, was added to the pipette solution. TRAM-34 was less potent in inhibiting Kcnn4 channels in patches from apical membranes than in patches from basolateral membranes, which was consistent with a preferential expression of Kcnn4c and Kcnn4b isoforms in apical and basolateral membranes, respectively. The expression of both isoforms in IEC-18 cells was confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot analyses. This is the first characterization of Kcnn4 channels in the apical membrane of intestinal epithelial cells.