Channelpedia

PubMed 21903937


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1



Title: Phosphodiesterase 4D regulates baseline sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release and cardiac contractility, independently of L-type Ca2+ current.

Authors: Sanja Beca, Peter B Helli, Jeremy A Simpson, Dongling Zhao, Gerrie P Farman, Peter P Jones, Xixi Tian, Lindsay S Wilson, Faiyaz Ahmad, S R Wayne Chen, Matthew A Movsesian, Vincent Manganiello, Donald H Maurice, Marco Conti, Peter H Backx

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2011 Oct 14 , 109, 1024-30

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21903937


Abstract
Baseline contractility of mouse hearts is modulated in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-γ-dependent manner by type 4 phosphodiesterases (PDE4), which regulate cAMP levels within microdomains containing the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) calcium ATPase type 2a (SERCA2a).The goal of this study was to determine whether PDE4D regulates basal cardiac contractility.At 10 to 12 weeks of age, baseline cardiac contractility in PDE4D-deficient (PDE4D(-/-)) mice was elevated mice in vivo and in Langendorff perfused hearts, whereas isolated PDE4D(-/-) cardiomyocytes showed increased whole-cell Ca2+ transient amplitudes and SR Ca2+content but unchanged L-type calcium current, compared with littermate controls (WT). The protein kinase A inhibitor R(p)-adenosine-3',5' cyclic monophosphorothioate (R(p)-cAMP) lowered whole-cell Ca2+ transient amplitudes and SR Ca2+ content in PDE4D(-/-) cardiomyocytes to WT levels. The PDE4 inhibitor rolipram had no effect on cardiac contractility, whole-cell Ca2+ transients, or SR Ca2+ content in PDE4D(-/-) preparations but increased these parameters in WT myocardium to levels indistinguishable from those in PDE4D(-/-). The functional changes in PDE4D(-/-) myocardium were associated with increased PLN phosphorylation but not cardiac ryanodine receptor phosphorylation. Rolipram increased PLN phosphorylation in WT cardiomyocytes to levels indistinguishable from those in PDE4D(-/-) cardiomyocytes. In murine and failing human hearts, PDE4D coimmunoprecipitated with SERCA2a but not with cardiac ryanodine receptor.PDE4D regulates basal cAMP levels in SR microdomains containing SERCA2a-PLN, but not L-type Ca2+ channels or ryanodine receptor. Because whole-cell Ca2+ transient amplitudes are reduced in failing human myocardium, these observations may have therapeutic implications for patients with heart failure.