PubMed 22159085

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Differential N-termini in epithelial Na+ channel δ subunit isoforms modulate channel trafficking to the membrane.

Authors: Diana Wesch, Mike Althaus, Pablo Miranda, Ignacio Cruz-Muros, Martin Fronius, Tomás González-Hernández, Wolfgang G Clauss, Diego Alvarez de la Rosa, Teresa Giraldez

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Dec 7 , ,

PubMed link:

The epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) is a heteromultimeric ion channel that plays a key role in Na(+) reabsorption across tight epithelia. The canonical ENaC is formed by three analogous subunits, α, β, and γ. A fourth ENaC subunit, named δ, is expressed in the nervous system of primates, where its role is unknown. The human δ-ENaC gene generates at least two splice isoforms, δ(1) and δ(2) , differing in the N-terminal sequence. Neurons in diverse areas of the human and monkey brain differentially express either δ(1) or δ(2) , with few cells coexpressing both isoforms, which suggests that they may play specific physiological roles. Here we show that heterologous expression of δ(1) in Xenopus oocytes and HEK293 cells produces higher current levels than δ(2) . Patch-clamp experiments showed no differences in single channel current magnitude and open probability between isoforms. Steady-state plasma membrane abundance accounts for the dissimilarity in macroscopic current levels. Differential trafficking between isoforms is independent of β- and γ-subunits, PY-motif-mediated endocytosis, or the presence of additional lysine residues in δ(2)-N terminus. Analysis of δ(2)-N terminus identified two sequences that independently reduce channel abundance in the plasma membrane. The δ(1) higher abundance is consistent with an increased insertion rate into the membrane, since endocytosis rates of both isoforms are indistinguishable. Finally, we conclude that δ-ENaC undergoes dynamin-independent endocytosis as opposed to αβγ-channels.