PubMed 21156065

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.2 , Nav1.4 , Nav1.5

Title: Antillatoxin is a sodium channel activator that displays unique efficacy in heterologously expressed rNav1.2, rNav1.4 and rNav1.5 α subunits.

Authors: Zhengyu Cao, William H Gerwick, Thomas F Murray

Journal, date & volume: BMC Neurosci, 2010 , 11, 154

PubMed link:

Antillatoxin (ATX) is a structurally unique lipopeptide produced by the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. ATX activates voltage-gated sodium channel α-subunits at an undefined recognition site and stimulates sodium influx in neurons. However, the pharmacological properties and selectivity of ATX on the sodium channel α-subunits were not fully characterized.In this study, we characterized the pharmacological properties and selectivity of ATX in cells heterologously expressing rNa(v)1.2, rNa(v)1.4 or rNa(v)1.5 α-subunits by using the Na(+) selective fluorescent dye, sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate. ATX produced sodium influx in cells expressing each sodium channel α-subunit, whereas two other sodium channel activators, veratridine and brevetoxin-2, were without effect. The ATX potency at rNa(v)1.2, rNa(v)1.4 and rNa(v)1.5 did not differ significantly. Similarly, there were no significant differences in the efficacy for ATX-induced sodium influx between rNa(v)1.2, rNa(v)1.4 and rNa(v)1.5 α-subunits. ATX also produced robust Ca²(+) influx relative to other sodium channel activators in the calcium-permeable DEAA mutant of rNa(v)1.4 α-subunit. Finally, we demonstrated that the 8-demethyl-8,9-dihydro-antillatoxin analog was less efficacious and less potent in stimulating sodium influx.ATX displayed a unique efficacy with respect to stimulation of sodium influx in cells expressing rNa(v)1.2, rNa(v)1.4 and rNa(v)1.5 α-subunits. The efficacy of ATX was distinctive inasmuch as it was not shared by activators of neurotoxin sites 2 and 5 on VGSC α-subunits. Given the unique pharmacological properties of ATX interaction with sodium channel α-subunits, decoding the molecular determinants and mechanism of action of antillatoxin may provide further insight into sodium channel gating mechanisms.