PubMed 21376117

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Gold activates mast cells via calcium influx through multiple H2O2-sensitive pathways including L-type calcium channels.

Authors: Koremasa Hayama, Yoshihiro Suzuki, Toshio Inoue, Toyoko Ochiai, Tadashi Terui, Chisei Ra

Journal, date & volume: Free Radic. Biol. Med., 2011 May 15 , 50, 1417-28

PubMed link:

Heavy metals, including gold, induce severe contact hypersensitivity and autoimmune disorders, which develop through an initial Th2-independent process followed by a Th2-dependent process. It has been shown that mast cell activation plays a role in the Th2-independent process and that gold stimulates histamine release in vitro. However, the mechanisms of the gold-induced mast cell activation remain largely unclear. Here we report that gold directly activates mast cells in a Ca2+-dependent manner. HAuCl4 [Au(III)] at nontoxic concentrations (≤50 μM) induced substantial degranulation and leukotriene C4 secretion in an extracellular Ca2+-dependent manner. Au(III) induced a robust Ca2+ influx but not Ca2+ mobilization from internal stores. Au(III) also stimulated intracellular production of reactive oxygen species, including H2O2, and blockade of the production abolished the mediator release and Ca2+ influx. Au(III) induced Ca2+ influx through multiple store-independent Ca2+ channels, including Cav1.2 L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) and 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB)-sensitive Ca2+ channels. The 2-APB-sensitive channel seemed to mediate Au(III)-induced degranulation. Our results indicate that gold stimulates Ca2+ influx and mediator release in mast cells through multiple H2O2-sensitive Ca2+ channels including LTCCs and 2-APB-sensitive Ca2+ channels. These findings provide insight into the roles of these Ca2+ channels in the Th2-independent process of gold-induced immunological disorders.