PubMed 21394297

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1

Title: Suppression of CFTR-mediated Cl secretion of airway epithelium in vitamin C-deficient mice.

Authors: Yeryung Kim, Hyemin Kim, Hae-Young Yoo, Jae Seung Kang, Sung Joon Kim, Jin Kyoung Kim, Hyun Sung Cho

Journal, date & volume: J. Korean Med. Sci., 2011 Mar , 26, 317-24

PubMed link:

Hyperoxic ventilation induces detrimental effects on the respiratory system, and ambient oxygen may be harmful unless compensated by physiological anti-oxidants, such as vitamin C. Here we investigate the changes in electrolyte transport of airway epithelium in mice exposed to normobaric hyperoxia and in gulonolacton oxidase knock-out (gulo[-/-]) mice without vitamin C (Vit-C) supplementation. Short-circuit current (I(sc)) of tracheal epithelium was measured using Ussing chamber technique. After confirming amiloride-sensitive Na(+) absorption (ΔI(sc,amil)), cAMP-dependent Cl(-) secretion (ΔI(sc,forsk)) was induced by forskolin. To evaluate Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) secretion, ATP was applied to the luminal side (ΔI(sc,ATP)). In mice exposed to 98% PO(2) for 36 hr, ΔI(sc,forsk) decreased, ΔI(sc,amil) and ΔI(sc,ATP) was not affected. In gulo(-/-) mice, both ΔI(sc,forsk) and ΔI(sc,ATP) decreased from three weeks after Vit-C deprivation, while both were unchanged with Vit-C supplementation. At the fourth week, tissue resistance and all electrolyte transport activities were decreased. An immunofluorescence study showed that the expression of cystic fibrosis conductance regulator (CFTR) was decreased in gulo(-/-) mice, whereas the expression of KCNQ1 K(+) channel was preserved. Taken together, the CFTR-mediated Cl(-) secretion of airway epithelium is susceptible to oxidative stress, which suggests that supplementation of the antioxidant might be beneficial for the maintenance of airway surface liquid.