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PubMed 21455645


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Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1



Title: Ryanodine receptor type 1 gene mutations found in the Canadian malignant hyperthermia population.

Authors: Natasha Kraeva, Sheila Riazi, Julian Loke, Wanda Frodis, Mary Lou Crossan, Kevin Nolan, Alexander Kraev, David H Maclennan

Journal, date & volume: Can J Anaesth, 2011 Jun , 58, 504-13

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21455645


Abstract
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an autosomal dominant pharmacogenetic disorder that is manifested on exposure of susceptible individuals to halogenated anesthetics or succinylcholine. Since MH is associated primarily with mutations in the ryanodine receptor type 1 (RYR1) gene, the purpose of this study was to determine the distribution and frequency of MH causative RyR1 mutations in the Canadian MH susceptible (MHS) population.In this study, we screened a representative cohort of 36 unrelated Canadian MHS individuals for RYR1 mutations by sequencing complete RYR1 transcripts and selected regions of CACNA1S transcripts. We then analyzed the correlation between caffeine-halothane contracture test (CHCT) results and RYR1 genotypes within MH families.Eighty-six percent of patients had at least one RyR1 mutation (31 out of 36), five of which were unrelated individuals who were double-variant carriers. Fifteen of the 27 mutations identified in RYR1 were novel. Eight novel mutations, involving highly conserved amino acid residues, were predicted to be causal. Two of the mutations co-segregated with the MHS phenotype within two large independent families (a total of 79 individuals). Fourteen percent of MHS individuals (five out of 36) carried neither RYR1 nor known CACNA1S mutations.The distribution and frequency of MH causative RyR1 mutations in the Canadian MHS population are close to those of European MHS populations. Novel mutations described in this study will contribute to the worldwide pool of MH-associated mutations in the RYR1 gene, ultimately increasing the value of MH genetic diagnostic testing.