PubMed 21493816

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1

Title: A novel KCNJ2 nonsense mutation, S369X, impedes trafficking and causes a limited form of Andersen-Tawil syndrome.

Authors: Takahiro Doi, Takeru Makiyama, Takeshi Morimoto, Yoshisumi Haruna, Keiko Tsuji, Seiko Ohno, Masaharu Akao, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Takeshi Kimura, Minoru Horie

Journal, date & volume: Circ Cardiovasc Genet, 2011 Jun , 4, 253-60

PubMed link:

Mutations in KCNJ2, a gene encoding the inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1, are associated with Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS), which is characterized by (1) ventricular tachyarrhythmias associated with QT (QU)-interval prolongation, (2) periodic paralysis, and (3) dysmorphic features.We identified a novel KCNJ2 mutation, S369X, in a 13-year-old boy with prominent QU-interval prolongation and mild periodic paralysis. The mutation results in the truncation at the middle of the cytoplasmic C-terminal domain that eliminates the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-to-Golgi export signal. Current recordings from Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with KCNJ2-S369X exhibited significantly smaller K(+) currents compared with KCNJ2 wild type (WT) (1 μg each) (-84 ± 14 versus -542 ± 46 picoamperes per picofarad [pA/pF]; -140 mV; P<0.0001). Coexpression of the WT and S369X subunits did not show a dominant-negative suppression effect but yielded larger currents than those of WT+S369X (-724 ± 98 pA/pF>-[84+542] pA/pF; 1 μg each; -140 mV). Confocal microscopy analysis showed that the fluorescent protein-tagged S369X subunits were predominantly retained in the ER when expressed alone; however, the expression of S369X subunits to the plasma membrane was partially restored when coexpressed with WT. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer analysis demonstrated direct protein-protein interactions between WT and S369X subunits in the intracellular compartment.The S369X mutation causes a loss of the ER export motif. However, the trafficking deficiency can be partially rescued by directly assembling with the WT protein, resulting in a limited restoration of plasma membrane localization and channel function. This alleviation may explain why our patient presented with a relatively mild ATS phenotype.