Channelpedia

PubMed 21536154


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2



Title: Characterization of an ATP-sensitive K(+) channel in rat carotid body glomus cells.

Authors: Donghee Kim, Insook Kim, Justin R Papreck, David F Donnelly, John L Carroll

Journal, date & volume: Respir Physiol Neurobiol, 2011 Aug 15 , 177, 247-55

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21536154


Abstract
Carotid body glomus (CB) cells express different types of K(+) channels such as TASK, BK, and Kv channels, and hypoxia has been shown to inhibit these channels. Here we report the presence of a ∼72-pS channel that has not been described previously in CB cells. In cell-attached patches with 150 mM K(+) in the pipette and bath solutions, TASK-like channels were present (∼15 and ∼36-pS). After formation of inside-out patches, a 72-pS channel became transiently active in ∼18% of patches. The 72-pS channel was K(+)-selective, inhibited by 2-4 mM ATP and 10-100 μM glybenclamide. The 72-pS channel was observed in CB cells isolated from newborn, 2-3 week and 10-12 week-old rats. Reverse transcriptase-PCR and immunocytochemistry showed that Kir6.1, Kir6.2, SUR1 and SUR2 were expressed in CB glomus cells as well as in non-glomus cells. Acute hypoxia (∼15 mmHg O(2)) inhibited TASK-like channels but failed to activate the 72-pS channel in cell-attached CB cells. K(+) channel openers (diazoxide, pinacidil, levcromakalim), sodium cyanide and removal of extracellular glucose also did not activate the 72-pS channel in the cell-attached state. The hypoxia-induced elevation of intracellular [Ca(2+)] was unchanged by glybenclamide or diazoxide. NaCN-induced increase in [Ca(2+)] was not affected by 10 μM glybenclamide but inhibited by 100 μM glybenclamide. Acute glucose deprivation did not elevate [Ca(2+)] in the presence or absence of glybenclamide. These results show that an ATP-sensitive K(+) channel is expressed in the plasma membrane of CB cells, but is not activated by short-term metabolic inhibition. The functional relevance of the 72-pS channel remains to be determined.