PubMed 21536673

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Rescue of aberrant gating by a genetically encoded PAS (Per-Arnt-Sim) domain in several long QT syndrome mutant human ether-á-go-go-related gene potassium channels.

Authors: Elena C Gianulis, Matthew C Trudeau

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2011 Jun 24 , 286, 22160-9

PubMed link:

Congenital long QT syndrome 2 (LQT2) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the human ether-á-go-go-related gene (hERG) voltage-gated potassium (K(+)) channel. hERG channels have slow deactivation kinetics that are regulated by an N-terminal Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domain. Only a small percentage of hERG channels containing PAS domain LQT2 mutations (hERG PAS-LQT2) have been characterized in mammalian cells, so the functional effect of these mutations is unclear. We investigated 11 hERG PAS-LQT2 channels in HEK293 cells and report a diversity of functional defects. Most hERG PAS-LQT2 channels formed functional channels at the plasma membrane, as measured by whole cell patch clamp recordings and cell surface biotinylation. Mutations located on one face of the PAS domain (K28E, F29L, N33T, R56Q, and M124R) caused defective channel gating, including faster deactivation kinetics and less steady-state inactivation. Conversely, the other mutations caused no measurable differences in channel gating (G53R, H70R, and A78P) or no measurable currents (Y43C, C66G, and L86R). We used a genetically encoded hERG PAS domain (NPAS) to examine whether channel dysfunction could be corrected. We found that NPAS fully restored wild-type-like deactivation kinetics and steady-state inactivation to the hERG PAS-LQT2 channels. Additionally, NPAS rescued aberrant currents in hERG R56Q channels during a dynamic ramp voltage clamp. Thus, our results reveal a putative "gating face" in the PAS domain where mutations within this region form functional channels with altered gating properties, and we show that NPAS is a general means for rescuing aberrant gating in hERG LQT2 mutant channels and may be a potential biological therapeutic.