PubMed 21652775

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.1

Title: μ-Conotoxins that differentially block sodium channels NaV1.1 through 1.8 identify those responsible for action potentials in sciatic nerve.

Authors: Michael J Wilson, Doju Yoshikami, Layla Azam, Joanna Gajewiak, Baldomero M Olivera, Grzegorz Bulaj, Min-Min Zhang

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2011 Jun 21 , 108, 10302-7

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are important for action potentials. There are seven major isoforms of the pore-forming and gate-bearing α-subunit (Na(V)1) of VGSCs in mammalian neurons, and a given neuron can express more than one isoform. Five of the neuronal isoforms, Na(V)1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.6, and 1.7, are exquisitely sensitive to tetrodotoxin (TTX), and a functional differentiation of these presents a serious challenge. Here, we examined a panel of 11 μ-conopeptides for their ability to block rodent Na(V)1.1 through 1.8 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Although none blocked Na(V)1.8, a TTX-resistant isoform, the resulting "activity matrix" revealed that the panel could readily discriminate between the members of all pair-wise combinations of the tested isoforms. To examine the identities of endogenous VGSCs, a subset of the panel was tested on A- and C-compound action potentials recorded from isolated preparations of rat sciatic nerve. The results show that the major subtypes in the corresponding A- and C-fibers were Na(V)1.6 and 1.7, respectively. Ruled out as major players in both fiber types were Na(V)1.1, 1.2, and 1.3. These results are consistent with immunohistochemical findings of others. To our awareness this is the first report describing a qualitative pharmacological survey of TTX-sensitive Na(V)1 isoforms responsible for propagating action potentials in peripheral nerve. The panel of μ-conopeptides should be useful in identifying the functional contributions of Na(V)1 isoforms in other preparations.