PubMed 21725729

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Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: The postpartum period of pregnancy worsens brain injury and functional outcome after cerebellar hemorrhage in rats.

Authors: Tim Lekic, Robert P Ostrowski, Hidenori Suzuki, Anatol Manaenko, William Rolland, Nancy Fathali, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang

Journal, date & volume: Acta Neurochir. Suppl., 2011 , 111, 37-41

PubMed link:

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most common causes of maternal deaths related to the postpartum period. This is a devastating form of stroke for which there is no available treatment. Although premenopausal females tend to have better outcomes after most forms of brain injury, the effects of pregnancy and child birth lead to wide maternal physiological changes that may predispose the mother to an increased risk for stroke and greater initial injury.Three different doses of collagenase were used to generate models of mild, moderate and severe cerebellar hemorrhage in postpartum female and male control rats. Brain water, blood-brain barrier rupture, hematoma size and neurological evaluations were performed 24 h later.Postpartum female rats had worsened brain water, blood-brain barrier rupture, hematoma size and neurological evaluations compared to their male counterparts.The postpartum state reverses the cytoprotective effects commonly associated with the hormonal neuroprotection of (premenopausal) female gender, and leads to greater initial injury and worsened neurological function after cerebellar hemorrhage. This experimental model can be used for the study of future treatment strategies after postpartum brain hemorrhage, to gain a better understanding of the mechanistic basis for stroke in this important patient subpopulation.