Channelpedia

PubMed 21736554


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC



Title: Remodelling of the endoplasmic reticulum during store-operated calcium entry.

Authors: Wei-Wei Shen, Maud Frieden, Nicolas Demaurex

Journal, date & volume: Biol. Cell, 2011 Aug , 103, 365-80

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21736554


Abstract
SOCE (store-operated calcium entry) is a ubiquitous cellular mechanism linking the calcium depletion of the ER (endoplasmic reticulum) to the activation of PM (plasma membrane) Ca2+-permeable channels. The activation of SOCE channels favours the entry of extracellular Ca2+ into the cytosol, thereby promoting the refilling of the depleted ER Ca2+ stores as well as the generation of long-lasting calcium signals. The molecules that govern SOCE activation comprise ER Ca2+ sensors [STIM1 (stromal interaction molecule 1) and STIM2], PM Ca2+-permeable channels {Orai and TRPC [TRP (transient receptor potential) canonical]} and regulatory Ca2+-sensitive cytosolic proteins {CRACR2 [CRAC (Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ current) regulator 2]}. Upon Ca2+ depletion of the ER, STIM molecules move towards the PM to bind and activate Orai or TRPC channels, initiating calcium entry and store refilling. This molecular rearrangement is accompanied by the formation of specialized compartments derived from the ER, the pre-cER (cortical ER) and cER. The pre-cER appears on the electron microscope as thin ER tubules enriched in STIM1 that extend along microtubules and that are devoid of contacts with the PM. The cER is located in immediate proximity to the PM and comprises thinner sections enriched in STIM1 and devoid of chaperones that might be dedicated to calcium signalling. Here, we review the molecular interactions and the morphological changes in ER structure that occur during the SOCE process.