PubMed 22013141

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: Hemiplegic migraine, seizures, progressive spastic paraparesis, mood disorder, and coma in siblings with low systemic serotonin.

Authors: Gabriella A Horvath, Kathryn Selby, Ken Poskitt, Keith Hyland, Paula J Waters, Marion Coulter-Mackie, Sylvia G Stockler-Ipsiroglu

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Oct 19 , ,

PubMed link:

Serotonin has an important role in vascular resistance and blood pressure control, and a functional serotonin transporter polymorphism has been associated with migraine. Disturbances in serotonin metabolism have been associated with autism, depression, and myoclonus related conditions, but serotonin has far more functions in the body. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal dominant subtype of migraine with aura in which attacks are associated with hemiparesis.We present two siblings with hemiplegic migraine, depression, progressive spastic paraparesis, myelopathy, and spinal cord atrophy. One of the sisters presented with prolonged coma after a migraine episode. Both sisters were found to have low cerebrospinal fluid serotonin metabolite (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid), low platelet serotonin levels, and diminished serotonin transport capacity. Their clinical symptoms improved on 5-hydroxytryptophan replacement therapy. Mutational analysis of the CACNA1A and ATP1A2 genes was negative.This is the first time that systemic serotonin deficiency has been described in familial hemiplegic migraine. We hypothesize that the deficiency of serotonin transport may be part of a complex cellular membrane trafficking dysfunction involving not only the serotonin transporter but also other transporters and ion channels.