PubMed 22054410

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.2 , Kir3.2

Title: Sperm GIRK2-Containing K(+) Inward Rectifying Channels Participate in Sperm Capacitation and Fertilization.

Authors: Young-Joo Yi, Dae Yong Sung, Clarke Millette, Miriam Sutovsky, Chelsey Kennedy, Peter Sutovsky, Winston Thompson, Kelwyn Thomas

Journal, date & volume: Syst Biol Reprod Med, 2011 Dec , 57, 296-308

PubMed link:

The GIRK2-containing inward-rectifying K(+) ion channels have been implicated in mammalian spermatogenesis. While the Girk2 null mice are fertile, the male weaver transgenic mice carrying a gain-of-function mutation in the Girk2 gene are infertile. To establish the exact period of spermatogenesis affected by this mutation, we performed StaPut isolation and morphological characterization of the germ cells present in the weaver testis. Germ cells representing all periods of spermatogenesis were identified. However, no spermatozoa were present, suggesting that this mutation only affected the haploid phase of spermatogenesis. Real-time PCR studies performed on StaPut purified germ cells from wild-type mice indicated that the Girk2 transcripts were exclusively expressed in spermatids. Immunofluorescence studies of mouse and boar spermatids/spermatozoa localized the GIRK2 K(+) containing channels to the acrosomal region of the sperm plasma membrane. During porcine in vitro fertilization (IVF), GIRK2-containing channels remained associated with the acrosomal shroud following zona-induced acrosome reaction. Fertilization was blocked by tertiapin-Q (TQ), a specific inhibitor of GIRK channels, and by anti-GIRK2 antibodies. Altogether, studies in two different mammalian species point to a conserved mechanism by which the GIRK2 inward-rectifying K(+) ion channels support sperm function during fertilization.