Channelpedia

PubMed 22079595


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4



Title: Severe Defects in Absorptive Ion Transport in Distal Colons of Mice that Lack ClC-2 Channels.

Authors: Marcelo A Catalán, Carlos A Flores, Mireya Gonzalez-Begne, Yan Zhang, Francisco V Sepúlveda, James E Melvin

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Nov 9 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22079595


Abstract
The fluid secretion model predicts that intestinal obstruction disorders can be alleviated by promoting epithelial Cl(-) secretion. The adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-activated anion channel CFTR mediates Cl(-)-dependent fluid secretion in the intestine. Although the role of the ClC-2 channel has not been determined in the intestine, this voltage-gated Cl(-) channel might compensate for the secretory defects observed in patients with cystic fibrosis and other chronic constipation disorders. We investigated whether mice that lack ClC-2 channels (Clcn2(-/-)) have defects in intestinal ion transport.Immunolocalization and immunoblot analyses were used to determine the cellular localization and the amount of ClC-2 expressed in mouse early distal colon (EDC) and late distal colon (LDC). Colon sheets from wild-type and Clcn2(-/-) littermates were mounted in Ussing chambers to determine transepithelial bioelectrical parameters and Na(+), K(+), and Cl(-) fluxes.Expression of ClC-2 was higher in the basolateral membrane of surface cells in the EDC compared with the LDC, with little expression in crypts. Neither cAMP nor Ca(2+)-induced secretion of Cl(-) was affected in the EDC or LDC of Clcn2(-/-) mice, whereas the amiloride-sensitive short-circuit current was increased approximately 3-fold in Clcn2(-/-) EDC compared with control littermates. Conversely, electroneutral Na(+), K(+), and Cl(-) absorption was dramatically reduced in colons of Clcn2(-/-) mice.Basolateral ClC-2 channels are required for colonic electroneutral absorption of NaCl and KCl. The increase in the amiloride-sensitive short-circuit current in Clcn2(-/-) mice revealed a compensatory mechanism that is activated in the colons of mice that lack the ClC-2 channel.