PubMed 21104258

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: The conjugation of an AQP1-directed immunotoxin in the study of site-directed therapy within the CNS.

Authors: Surash Surash, Péter Németh, Aruna Chakrabarty, Paul Chumas

Journal, date & volume: Childs Nerv Syst, 2011 May , 27, 811-8

PubMed link:

The water channel, aquaporin (AQP)1, is highly specific to the choroid plexus (CP) epithelium within the brain. It is therefore a potential target through which therapeutic agents could be selectively directed to the CP. Here we describe the conjugation of a monoclonal antibody (mAb), raised against an extra-cellular domain of AQP1, to the A chain of ricin (RCA). This reagent should allow study of a highly specific chemical lesion of the CP.A published method was used to couple the anti-AQP1 mAb to the A chain of ricin using an SPDP cross-linker. The conjugate was purified by Superdex S-200 chromatography. Column fractions were analysed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Fractions containing conjugate were assayed for cytotoxicity on rat CP cells in culture, using a WST-1 viability assay to assess cell death.SDS-PAGE and Western blotting demonstrated separation of conjugated anti-AQP1 mAb from unconjugated ricin by the Superdex column. Cultured rat CP cells were killed with an IC(50) of 1.81 μg/ml when exposed to the anti-AQP1 mAb-RCA conjugation reaction products. Selectivity of this reagent was demonstrated by the higher IC(50) exhibited by non-AQP1-expressing primary fibroblast cultures and cultures exposed to the reaction products from the non-specific IgG-RCA conjugation attempt.We have been able to demonstrate selective cytotoxicity in vitro of an anti-AQP1 mAb-RCA conjugate. We hope that this work will generate further interest in the use of this site-specific conjugate to target the CP in conditions such as hydrocephalus, tumours that arise from here, and other AQP1-expressing tumours.