Channelpedia

PubMed 21321057


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2



Title: K(ATP) channel-dependent metaboproteome decoded: systems approaches to heart failure prediction, diagnosis, and therapy.

Authors: D Kent Arrell, Jelena Zlatkovic Lindor, Satsuki Yamada, Andre Terzic

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2011 May 1 , 90, 258-66

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21321057


Abstract
Systems biology provides an integrative platform by which to account for the biological complexity related to cardiac health and disease. In this way, consequences of ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel deficiency for heart failure prediction, diagnosis, and therapy were resolved recently at a proteomic level. Under stress-free conditions, knockout of the Kir6.2 K(ATP) channel pore induced metabolic proteome remodelling, revealing overrepresentation of markers of cardiovascular disease. Imposed stress precipitated structural and functional defects in Kir6.2-knockout hearts, decreasing survival and validating prediction of disease susceptibility. In the setting of hypertension, a leading risk for heart failure development, proteomic analysis diagnosed the metabolism-centric impact of K(ATP) channel deficiency in disease. Bioinformatic interrogation of K(ATP) channel-dependent proteome prioritized heart-specific adverse effects, exposing cardiomyopathic traits of aggravated contractility, fibrosis, and ventricular hypertrophy. In dilated cardiomyopathy induced by Kir6.2-knockout pressure overload, proteomic remodelling was exacerbated, underlying a multifaceted molecular pathology that indicates the necessity for a broad-based strategy to achieve repair. Embryonic stem cell intervention in cardiomyopathic K(ATP) channel knockout hearts elicited a distinct proteome signature that forecast amelioration of adverse cardiac outcomes. Functional/structural measurements validated improved contractile performance, reduced ventricular size, and decreased cardiac damage in the treated cohort, while systems assessment unmasked cardiovascular development as a prioritized biological function in stem cell-reconstructed hearts. Thus, proteomic deconvolution of K(ATP) channel-deficient hearts provides definitive evidence for the channel's homeostatic contribution to the cardiac metaboproteome and establishes the utility of systems-oriented approaches to predict disease susceptibility, diagnose consequences of heart failure progression, and monitor therapy outcome.