Channelpedia

PubMed 21329741


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir4.1 , Kir6.1 , SK1



Title: Potassium channel expression in adult murine neural progenitor cells.

Authors: H Prüss, M Dewes, C Derst, F Fernández-Klett, R W Veh, J Priller

Journal, date & volume: Neuroscience, 2011 Apr 28 , 180, 19-29

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21329741


Abstract
Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) are a source of new neurons and glia in the adult brain. Most NPCs reside in the forebrain subventricular zone (SVZ) and in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus, where they contribute to plasticity in the adult brain. To use their potential for repair, it is essential to identify the molecules that regulate their growth, migration and differentiation. Potassium (K+) channels are promising molecule candidates for NPC regulation as they are important components of signal transduction and their diversity is ideal to cover the complex functions required for cell proliferation and differentiation. There is increasing evidence that K+ channels influence cell growth and neurogenesis, however, very little is known regarding K+ channel distribution in NPCs. We therefore explored the expression of a variety of voltage-gated (Kv), inwardly rectifying (Kir) and two-pore (K2P) K+ channels in the SVZ of adult mice and in neurosphere cultures of NPCs during growth and differentiation. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed a differential expression pattern of K+ channels in nestin+ SVZ precursor cells, early SVZ doublecortin+ neurons and (sub)ependymal cells. These findings were confirmed in neurosphere cultures at the protein and mRNA levels. The expression of some K+ channel proteins, such as Kir4.1, Kir6.1, TREK1 or TASK1, suggests a role of K+ channels in the complex regulation of NPC proliferation, maturation and differentiation.