PubMed 21502926

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.3 , Kir6.2

Title: The antimalarial drug mefloquine inhibits cardiac inward rectifier K+ channels: evidence for interference in PIP2-channel interaction.

Authors: Angélica López-Izquierdo, Daniela Ponce-Balbuena, Eloy G Moreno-Galindo, Iván A Aréchiga-Figueroa, Martin Rodríguez-Martínez, Tania Ferrer, Aldo A Rodríguez-Menchaca, José A Sánchez-Chapula

Journal, date & volume: J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol., 2011 Apr , 57, 407-15

PubMed link:

The antimalarial drug mefloquine was found to inhibit the KATP channel by an unknown mechanism. Because mefloquine is a Cationic amphiphilic drug and is known to insert into lipid bilayers, we postulate that mefloquine interferes with the interaction between PIP2 and Kir channels resulting in channel inhibition. We studied the inhibitory effects of mefloquine on Kir2.1, Kir2.3, Kir2.3(I213L), and Kir6.2/SUR2A channels expressed in HEK-293 cells, and on IK1 and IKATP from feline cardiac myocytes. The order of mefloquine inhibition was Kir6.2/SUR2A ≈ Kir2.3 (IC50 ≈ 2 μM) > Kir2.1 (IC50 > 30 μM). Similar results were obtained in cardiac myocytes. The Kir2.3(I213L) mutant, which enhances the strength of interaction with PIP2 (compared to WT), was significantly less sensitive (IC50 = 9 μM). In inside-out patches, continuous application of PIP2 strikingly prevented the mefloquine inhibition. Our results support the idea that mefloquine interferes with PIP2-Kir channels interactions.