PubMed 21474446

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , TRP , TRPC , TRPC1 , TRPP , TRPP2 , TRPV , TRPV4

Title: A single amino acid residue constitutes the third dimerization domain essential for the assembly and function of the tetrameric polycystin-2 (TRPP2) channel.

Authors: Shuang Feng, Lise Rodat-Despoix, Patrick Delmas, Albert C M Ong

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2011 May 27 , 286, 18994-9000

PubMed link:

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the most common inherited cause of kidney failure, is caused by mutations in either PKD1 (85%) or PKD2 (15%). The PKD2 protein, polycystin-2 (PC2 or TRPP2), is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily and functions as a nonselective calcium channel. PC2 has been found to form oligomers in native tissues, suggesting that similar to other TRP channels, it may form functional homo- or heterotetramers with other TRP subunits. We have recently demonstrated that the homodimerization of PC2 is mediated by both N-terminal and C-terminal domains, and it is known that PC2 can heterodimerize with PC1, TRPC1, and TRPV4. In this paper, we report that a single cysteine residue, Cys(632), mutated in a known PKD2 pedigree, constitutes the third dimerization domain for PC2. PC2 truncation mutants lacking both N and C termini could still dimerize under nonreducing conditions. Mutation of Cys(632) alone abolished dimerization in these mutants, indicating that it was the critical residue mediating disulfide bond formation between PC2 monomers. Co-expression of C632A PC2 mutants with wild-type PC2 channels reduced ATP-sensitive endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release in HEK293 cells. The combination of C632A and mutations disrupting the C-terminal coiled-coil domain (Val(846), Ile(853), Ile(860), Leu(867) or 4M) nearly abolished dimer formation and ATP-dependent Ca(2+) release. However, unlike the 4M PC2 mutant, a C632A mutant could still heterodimerize with polycystin-1 (PC1). Our results indicate that PC2 homodimerization is regulated by three distinct domains and that these events regulate formation of the tetrameric PC2 channel.