PubMed 21290308

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1 , TRPC2

Title: Gating mechanisms of canonical transient receptor potential channel proteins: role of phosphoinositols and diacylglycerol.

Authors: Anthony P Albert

Journal, date & volume: Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 2011 , 704, 391-411

PubMed link:

Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) Ca(2+)-permeable channels are members of the mammalian TRP super-family of cation channels, and have the closest homology to the founding members, TRP and TRPL, discovered in Drosophila photoreceptors. The TRPC subfamily is composed of 7 subunits (C1-C7, with TRPC2 a pseudogene in humans), which can all combine with one another to form homomeric and heteromeric structures. This review focuses on mechanisms involved in opening TRPC channels (i.e. gating mechanisms). It initially describes work on the involvement of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) and diacylglycerol (DAG) in gating TRP and TRPL channels in Drosophila, and then discusses evidence that similar gating mechanisms are involved in opening mammalian TRPC channels. It concludes that there are two common activation pathways of mammalian TRPC channels. Non-TRPC1-containing channels are opened by interactions between DAG, the direct activating ligand, and PIP(2), which acts as a physiological antagonist at TRPC proteins. Competitive interactions between an excitatory effect of DAG and an inhibitory action of PIP(2) can also be modulated by IP(3) acting via an IP(3) receptor-independent mechanism. In contrast TRPC1-containing channels are gating by PIP(2), which requires PKC-dependent phosphorylation of TRPC1 proteins.