Channelpedia

PubMed 21290324


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1 , TRPC3 , TRPC6



Title: Molecular expression and functional role of canonical transient receptor potential channels in airway smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Yong-Xiao Wang, Yun-Min Zheng

Journal, date & volume: Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 2011 , 704, 731-47

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21290324


Abstract
Multiple canonical or classic transient receptor potential (TRPC) molecules are expressed in animal and human airway smooth muscle cells (SMCs). TRPC3, but not TRPC1, is a major molecular component of native non-selective cation channels (NSCCs) to contribute to the resting [Ca(2+)](i) and muscarinic increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in freshly isolated airway SMCs. TRPC3-encoded NSCCs are significantly increased in expression and activity in airway SMCs from ovalbumin-sensitized/challenged "asthmatic" mice, whereas TRPC1-encoded channel activity, but not its expression, is largely augmented. The upregulated TRPC3- and TRPC1-encoded NSCC activity both mediate "asthmatic" membrane depolarization in airway SMCs. Supportively, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), an important asthma mediator, increases TRPC3 expression, and TRPC3 gene silencing inhibits TNFα-mediated augmentation of acetylcholine-evoked increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in passaged airway SMCs. In contrast, TRPC6 gene silencing has no effect on 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG)-evoked increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in primary isolated cells. These findings provide compelling information indicating that TRPC3-encoded NSCCs are important for physiological and pathological cellular responses in airway SMCs. However, continual studies are necessary to further determine whether, which, and how TRPC-encoded channels are involved in cellular responses in normal and diseased (e.g., asthmatic) airway SMCs.